What is a Web Framework?
This is a code of library, which makes web development easier and faster. Web framework provides a coder with common patterns that are useful for maintaining web applications, building reliability, and scalable. Since the year 2000, professional web designers have used existing web frameworks making exceptions during unusual situations.
The essence of Web Framework
The primary objective of a web framework is that they capture key concepts that have developed over the last 20 years in site programming and applications of the web. Importantly, over the latter duration, developers have learnt much in web development. Therefore, the web framework helps to encapsulate these ideas. This scenario helps the coders to reuse code for common HTTP operations not to mention structuring projects and maintaining applications.
Existing Web Framework Functionality
Web Framework come in handy in their code. To make it simple, they provide common operations to their user required to run web applications. The common operations involved in the process include
- Input form handling and validation
- URL routing
- Web security
- XML, HTML, JSN
- Database connection configuration
- Session Storage and retrieval
Of course, it is important to realize that not all web frameworks will integrate all the above functionality. Frameworks range from those executing a single use case and provide web framework features to every user. In some isolated cases, some frameworks will integrate “Batteries Included” approach, which bundles everything possible in the framework set up. Other frameworks have minimal core package, integrated with extensions provided in other packages.
A good example is the Django Web Application Framework that comes with Django ORM layer, which facilitates a coder to write relational database read, write a query, and erase operations in python code rather than SQL. Nevertheless, Django’s ORM cannot function without significant modifications.
Web Framework Resources
The most important thing to bear in mind when learning how to use any of the web frameworks is to have a general clue of what the coder in the question is doing. Building a simple Python framework will always include routing, HTTP connections, and the request can always operate in just 320 lines of code.
Types of Web Framework
The main functions of frameworks is to work on client-side (frontend) and server-side (backend) and they correspond to their type.
1. Client-side Framework
This has nothing to do with business logic. The framework comes in handy inside the browser. With this set up you can implement new user interface easily. Professionally speaking, you can create animated features with frontend frameworks. Some examples of these frameworks include
2. Server-side Frameworks
The architecture of the framework is unique in such a way that it does not allow the user to build a web application with a well-developed interface. Of course, it is correct to say that these frameworks have limited functionality. However, you can use them to create simple pages. Importantly, they boost data output and secure the websites in case of web attacks. Experts feel that backend frameworks will work mostly on particular webs. Some examples of these server-side frameworks include
- Django – Python
- Zend – PHP*
- Ruby on Rails – Ruby
The above are just some of the popular web frameworks. It is important to note that there is another category referred to as Cross-functional frameworks, but this will be a discussion for another day.